CONTEXT

Many international instruments firmly condemn FGM as a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based violence. Yet, it is still practiced. 

 

This is the context in which the BEFORE project was born:

500,000*

Women and girls

subjected to FGM

in the EU 

*EP Resolution 2012/2684(RSP)

180,000*

Women and girls at risk in the EU 

*EP Resolution 2012/2684(RSP)

+200 million*

Women and girls have undergone FGM in at least 30 countries

 

*UNICEF

27 

EU countries in which FGM is illegal. Still, it continues to take place

2011

The Istanbul Convention 

recognises FGM as a human rights violation, a form of gender-based violence and a major obstacle to the achievement of equality, and 

calls on signatories to criminalise it

2012

The UN General Assembly

calls for

FGM to be banned worldwide with Resolution 67/146 

4

European Parliament Resolutions (2001, 2012, 2018, 2020) to end FGM 

Zero

Harmonised database on FGM prevalence at the EU level